Identification of the species

· Scientific Name
Pinus Radiata (D.Don)
· Chilean Name
Pino, Pino Insigne


Pinus radiata (D. Don), commonly known as Monterey pine or pine, is originally from the west coast of the United States, specifically California. It was introduced in Chile in the late nineteenth century, managing to successfully adapt climate and soil of the country, reaching even higher growth, and less time, those in their region of origin. Evergreen, needlelike leaves grouped in threes with a length between 7 and 15 cm, tapered. Straight trunk with bark thinner than in the pinaster. The leaves are dark green.

According to Altitude

Low altitude, interior valleys.
Coastal mountains, 500 – 2000 m.
Coast, 0 – 500 m

Water Conditions

Dry areas where the drought may last 3 to 5 months. Precipitations of 400 – 800 mm are concentrated in winter.

Light Conditions

Exposed. Full sun without protection. Flats or slopes of northern exposure. Some shadow. Some protection against the sun some shadow from vegetation, rocks, ETC. filtering about 20 – 40% of light.

Physical properties

· Color
Brown heartwood and sapwood white – yellow
· Knots
Normally healthy, firm, dark brown
· Growth Ring
· Fiber
Right, except close to the bone rings
· Texture
Homogeneous and Fine
· Odor
Slightly Resinous
· Nominal Density
450 kg/m 3
· Contraction
From the green state at 0% moisture content
· Tangential
· Radial
· Volumetric
· Permeability
Treatable sapwood and heartwood retention. 240 kg .m 3

Applications or uses

Pine Wood is used in the Manufacture of:

  • Furniture
  • Plywood and chipboard
  • Pallets
  • Packaging